The world has undergone drastic changes in recent months. At the start of 2020, several CPAs were excited regarding the prospect of an “easier” busy season once handling the law called the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, P.L. 115-97, last year. Money markets were incomparable high rates, and everything looked as if it would be swish sailing. Then came the COVID-19 pandemic.

The travel and cordial reception trade have almost disappeared. Commerce has decreased drastically. Ample Americans are below shelter-in-place orders leading to the necessity for house owners and staff of accountants companies, and their shoppers, to figure from home. Existing engagements for all areas of the following are also affected.

Conjointly this new situation also presents opportunities to assist shoppers to navigate these difficult times. Whereas almost the whole world is targeted by the immediate and direct impact of COVID-19 and its indirect effects like the economy or the services offered by accountant companies have potential long-run skilled liability consequences that ought to be addressed currently.


  • Audit and attest services- The likelihood is earlier engagements coming up with risk assessment procedures failed to address COVID-19 or the chance of a scourge generally. New circumstances have arisen that necessitate a reappraisal of, and likely, modifications to, an accountant firm’s planned approach.
  • Firms ought to think about the impact of COVID-19 on a client’s business, particularly the impact on budget amounts that need judgment or estimation, like plus valuations or revenue recognition.
  • Further disclosures like getting concerned or doing modifications to the accountant firm’s report are also necessary. If a client’s business fails, the lenders and investors are also accountable to the accountant firm for his or her lost investment, particularly if, in understanding, revealing was inadequate or the firm did not observe a statement within the money statements. Accommodations are also needed for shoppers with approaching twelve-month ends. 

For instance, it’s going to now not be thought of “safe” to perform physical inventories, and fraud inquiries may have to be performed just about. If both the consumer and engagement team are operating remotely how can the proof be gathered and tested? Assess engagement plans to work out if modifications are needed to fit skilled standards. Discuss modifications with the consumer because the engagement fee or realization may additionally be wedged.


When filing deadlines and income tax payments are extended for several varieties of tax returns, they need not been extended for all, leading to a fancy calendar of future filing dates that’s in constant flux.

Be conscious of due dates that have been modified, and people that haven’t, and work with shoppers to file returns on time. If this is often not coordinated properly, the consumer could blame the accountant for any late-filing penalties.

Consult with the AICPA’s Federal Due Dates Chart Updated for COVID-19 Relief (available at; member login required) for the foremost up-to-date info relating to federal returns.

Additionally, the AICPA has created a State Due Dates Chart Updated for COVID-19 Relief that summarizes state filing deadlines that ensure shoppers perceive that first- and second-quarter income tax payments that are due July 15th, 2020. Timely communication on this matter is vital to permit shoppers time to work out the supply of their tax payments. 

What’s the impact on the CPA’s risk?

If shoppers are forced to sell assets at a loss to form payments, they’ll later assert that the accountant is liable for the losses because of unclear directions. As always, contemporaneous documentation of consumer communications is especially important and can facilitate the chance of forgotten, misunderstood, or misinterpreted conversations down the road. 


For several companies, consulting comes together with the tax consulting that is also changed, postponed, or ceased to change shoppers to conserve income and to address the standing of consulting engagements proactively.

If necessary, secure updated engagement letters or different communication with the consumer particularisation of any modifications to scope. If services are quickly halted, postponed, or stop altogether, make sure this in writing with the consumer. Important concerns for all services to revisit existing engagement letters.

Review existing engagement letters to make sure they still accurately replicate the agreement between the firm and therefore the consumer.

Should the plan due dates or work product be updated?

Will the scope of service need modification or clarification to make sure it limits the firm’s responsibility to solely those services printed within the engagement letter?

For instance, if tax compliance services are delivered, is that the engagement letter strictly for tax compliance services? Or will it, for instance, embrace “limited tax planning” or equally obscure language, which can be understood to incorporate advising the consumer regarding tax coming up with or relief opportunities? In times of uncertainty, it’s extraordinarily necessary that clarity exists and is supported by a communication between the consumer and therefore the firm. Monitor requests and assortment activity. Sadly, many purchasers could struggle to continue paying invoices once due, together with those to their accountant firm.

Review your consumer list to spot those who could have income issues. Proactively discuss payment alternatives or necessities to continue providing services. Emphasize timely requests, and monitor consumer collections. Invoices are a lot of possibilities to be collected once the client’s memory of your services is recent. If a consumer falls behind and a payment arrangement or different sort of agreement can’t be reached, think about suspending services. Be conscious of the build-up of enormous balances in work-in-process and assets, and don’t be afraid to go back to the consumer relationship if mutual satisfaction isn’t gifted. Respond fitly to requests from lenders. Because the stability of the economy becomes less sure, lenders are also a lot of aggressive in requiring a CPA’s confirmation of sure info, like the impact of COVID-19 on a client’s business, once the credit is extended or terms are changed. 

It’s typically not applicable or counseled to reply to most requests created by lenders. Doing so, therefore, creates a further risk to the firm and is usually not supported by the services delivered to the consumer. Consult with the AICPA’s steerage on accountant Comfort Letter to Lenders and Third-Party Verifications for a lot of info on requests from lenders and a CPA’s instructed response (or lack thereof).

Risk management concerns, Fortunately, when the precise services requested are also new, the strategies to mitigate risk are tried and true. These include Client and engagement acceptance. Will the consumer perceive its responsibility to form management selections and implement recommendations created by the accountant? Can the consumer be able to procure these services? Will the CPA have the technical experience to advise the consumer capably and therefore the time to remain current on developments? The CARES Act continues to be in its infancy, and whereas steerage is being printed often, a lot of is unclear or untimely. 


CPAs will leverage their existing tax or consulting engagement letters and modify them for specific new engagements. Keep in mind to address: Engagement objectives and scope. Be specific regarding the services to be provided and, if relevant, services that aren’t in scope. What form and year(s) are amended? Can the firm advice on the attributes of the assorted loan programs or solely assist shoppers with the gathering of knowledge for a particular loan application? 


Clearly define that the consumer is liable for creating all selections, whether or not it’s addressing the recommendation and proposals provided by the accountant or choosing the return position to be taken on AN tax return. Make certain to incorporate an announcement that the consumer is liable for providing complete and correct info to the accountant. 


For the foremost half, new services associated with information activities are some sort of service. Make sure that the consumer understands that the firm’s role is restricted to providing recommendations and proposals solely in which the firm won’t be auditing or corroboratory the client’s info or providing any deliverable or work product to a 3rd party. 


Clearly describe what the consumer can receive as a result of the CPA’s services. Give recommendations in writing. When not counseled, if oral recommendation should be provided, at a minimum, send a follow-up email to the consumer summarizing what was mentioned.


Think about together with risk allocation provisions like hold-harmless, indemnification, or loss-limitation provisions to assist additional mitigate the firm’s risk. When necessary to contemplate for all services, these provisions battle a lot of connexion because of the thinness of the present atmosphere. Documentation Document and date of all consumer discussions throughout the engagement, following up with confirming email particularisation info is needed for the next steps for each the consumer and your firm. Clarify that any recommendation or recommendations are created based mostly upon info obtainable at a particular purpose in time.

The laws are evolving, and what’s a sensible recommendation these days might not be there for tomorrow. As such, make certain to tell the consumer that the accountant isn’t responsible to update the recommendation. Direct shoppers to resources obtainable from government agencies, taxation authorities, and restrictive agencies, and advise the consumer to examine them often. If the legal recommendation is needed, advise the consumer to confer with AN professional before acting. 


This is an unprecedented time for the whole world, our country, and therefore the profession.  When the total impact of COVID-19 is unknown and unsure, what’s sure is that they want for CPAs to be watchful and knowing and to be versatile and adaptable in their response to those dynamic times. Taking necessary preventative steps now and can facilitate to give protection from potential losses that will arise because the public health and economies recover.