The C corporation, or “C Corp” as intimated by the IRS, gives the unlimited, for-profit growth potential by the issuance and sale of shares. C corporation is a kind of company that is owned by shareholders. The shareholders choose a board of directors, who determine how the company runs. In a legal sense, corporations are separate entities that can sue and be accused. That means legal and financial responsibility lands on the arms of the corporation, not the business owners.

In this article, we are going to
study all about the C Corporation and its structure, formation, and
requirement.

What
is a C Corporation?

In the C corporation or C-corp is a
legal formation for a corporation in that the owners, or shareholders, are taxed individually from the entity. C corporations, the various common of corporations, are also subordinate to corporate income taxation.

C corporations are the most common kind of corporation created by companies in the U.S. Preferred shareholders and general shareholders are investors in a corporation with allocated rights to earnings distribution, and some impact on board decisions.

Public disclosure of share performance in a yearly report is necessary for C corporations under federal law. The legal structure of a business’s C corporation status defines an owner’s financial and tort liabilities for losses that may occur in the case of a failure, negligence lawsuit, or regulative fine.

An option to a small business’s registering as S corporations, which give for “pass-through” of earnings to owners who are in turn subject to specific taxation by the IRS, are C corporations. That report all business profits by the company without an intermediary of such a
mechanism. “Limited liability companies” (LLCs) vary from C corporations. Also, giving the legal protections of corporations, but working as “pass-through” instruments, like S
corporations or sole proprietorships.

A self-governing legal entity,
separate from the members and shareholders, the corporation lives separate from the individuals who own, control, and manage an entity. IRS Code Sections C and
S defines the type of taxable entity. Corporate tax returns need Form 1120.
Businesses listed under C corporation handle the possibility of double taxation, where dividend income is given to owners, also thought is personal income. Tax on capital gains is a severe concern when commencing a business.

Who
can apply for C Corporation?

C Corporations are especially useful for companies committed to the sale of goods. For example, when a C corporation
demands cash flow, inventory, and other business assets, such as accounts
receivable, can be substituted for factored business loans based on in-house
collateral.

Structure

C corporations have 3 structural
tiers, that must be held by shareholders, directors, and officers. Shareholders
own the corporation the Board of Directors manages the corporation and makes
primary decisions, such as appointing officers the officers run the company
daily.

The C corporation needs to comply
with corporate rules, such as holding shareholders and Board of Directors
meetings, filing yearly reports, having proper corporate records, such as
meeting minutes that must be kept separate from the owners’ records and meeting
annual fees.

Shareholder-Directors-Officers

A shareholder is the owner of the company. Directors are run the company and officers handle day-to-day
operations.

 C
Corporation’s Legal Requirements

The C Corporation must meet certain
requirements:

  1. Hold an Annual General Meeting (AGM) for the
    shareholders and the board of directors
  2. The annual meetings are used to review and decide
    relevant data, strategic decisions, opportunities, risks, and concerns
    that the corporation will require to deal with.
  3. Issuance shares to investors as ownership of the
    business
  4. Ownership in a corporation is represented by the issuance of shares. The administration of the corporation is directed by a
    board of directors who are chosen by the shareholders.
  5. Appoint a board of directors
  6. The board of directors decides officers who handle the day to day activities of the corporation. The board of directors also plans bylaws for the corporation. These are signed protocols that state the way that the corporation will be governed.
  7. Allow Certain Positions in the Corporation
  8. The C Corporation will require to have all of the following positions. In a small C Corp, one person can operate many of these positions.

  • Shareholders:
    They own the company’s stock and are subject to electing directors,
    changing the bylaws and articles of incorporation, and maintaining important actions exercised by the corporation like mergers and the business of corporate assets. They alone are entitled to dissolve the corporation.
  • Directors:
    They manage the corporation and are liable for circulating stock, electing officers, and making the corporation’s major decisions.
  • Officers:
    The corporation must have a leader, secretary, and treasurer. These managers are liable for making the day-to-day decisions that govern the corporation’s operation.
  • Employees:
    They get pay in return for their work for the corporation.

 Formation
a C Corporation

If a C Corporation is best for you, here’s how to form one:

  1. Pick a legal name for your new business.
  2. If the Secretary of State in your state preserves
    business names, keep the name.
  3. Draft and file your Articles of Incorporation. These
    must be sent to your Secretary of State.
  4. Discover who your primary investors and shareholders
    are.
  5. Design and issue stock certificates to your shareholders.
  6. Apply for a business license. You may need licenses from your state, county, and township.
  7. Apply for any other documents you require to carry business. These can differ from industry to industry.
  8. Get an and apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from with IRS. You can file online, or entire form SS-4.
  9. Apply for any other ID numbers and entire other formalities needed by your state and local government agencies.
  10. Conditions do differ from one jurisdiction to another,
    but you will usually require to get ID numbers for the unemployment,
    disability, and other payroll taxes.
  11. Elect a board of directors.
  12. Allow other positions in the business as required by
    law.

 Advantages
of C Corporations

Forming a C Corporation does have
some benefits:

  • C Corporation has Limited Liability

Because a C Corp is a separate legal
the entity, the liabilities of the business are individual from the
responsibilities of the directors, investors, and shareholders. Usually, the
owners of a C Corporation are preserved from being responsible for the
business’s obligations. This does not apply in all states, for example, if
corporate funds are mistreated, there is deliberate fraud, or if some rules and
regulations are not supported.

  •  C Corporation Exists Independently of its Owners

The C Corporation can have
“Perpetual Existence” — this is in contradiction to sole proprietorships or
partnerships where business only lives for as long as the proprietors or owners
are alive and in the business.

  • Ownership of C Corporations Can Be Liquid and
    Transferred

Ownership in a C Corporation is
determined by who holds the stocks it issues. These stocks can be purchased and
traded between investors, and if the company’s shares are openly traded on a
stock exchange, institutions and segments of the public can own stock in the
company.

  • Ease of Access to Funding Through Issuing Stock

If a C Corporation needs to raise
money, it can operate an “Initial Public Offering (IPO)” where it “goes public”
and gives shares for sale on a stock exchange. This can bring meaningful money into a business. They can also decide to issue shares periodically to support further funding, although this can reduce the value of existing shares.

  • Enhanced Business or Corporate Credibility

Most of the institutions that are
household names are C Corporations. Consolidating as a C Corp shows to others
that you demand to see important growth and can magnify the business’s
credibility and authority.

Double
Taxation in C Corporation

The main downside of owning shares in a C corporation for officers is that taxation of the business earnings is twofold. The IRS needs C corporations to file corporation income tax reports,
including a record of distribution. Income after the business expense and salary decrease is subjected to tax. The net income dividend to shareholders in the form of dividends is newly taxed at the individual level. When profits are left over at the close of the year, dividend distribution to shareholders is income, and individual income and those profits must be taxed.

There are several things you can do to avoid the double-taxation scenario:

  • Structure the C-Corp so that there are no profits left
    overuse all of the write-offs and reductions approved by the IRS to
    overcome the C-Corp’s net income.
  • Offer comprehensive benefit plans
  • Pay more high-priced salaries to yourself and the other owner/employees than you will if you were using a flow-through entity such as an S-Corp. Yes, you will have to pay payroll taxes and individual income taxes on those monies, but you would pay personal taxes on dividends paid to you anyway. And it may be that in the big idea, the savings on one side exceed the extra taxes paid on the other side.

The decision as to what entity is most suitable for you does. In so many cases, add on taxes, and that is why,
with any corporate-related decision. You are smart to seek the advice and support of a good CPA.

C
Corporation vs. S Corporation

Entity dimension is the chief
characteristic factor in the separation of S corporation from C corporation
businesses. Both may be composed of officers, directors, and shareholders. Yet
there are boundaries strictly forced on S corporations not part of the hidden
area of C corporation ownership and taxation. SEC limitation of S corporations
to 100 shareholders versus the immense share distribution guidelines for C
corporations show the basic boundaries of small businesses and that setup
for great profitability.

Tax
Advantage: Wide Range of Deductions & Expenses

With the most comprehensive array of expense deductions authorized by the IRS. The C corporation provides for reimbursement for employee binding benefits. Cost deductions for medical and other employee perk program assets, including all health insurance premiums paid by the corporation, are tax benefits. Organizations not registered as C
corporations have far fewer expense deductions compared to the cost of benefits. An employee/shareholder who has more than 2 % of a corporation,
though, must pay taxes on the full value of profits received from the company.

C corporations are also advantageous in terms of taxes because of the ability to share profits amongst the owners of the company. Designating profits in this manner can happen in big tax savings.

If you are planning to form a C
Corporation then you must follow all the points mentioned above in the following paragraphs. For any query related to its formation and requirement.
You can consider the article. Hence, For any accounting & Bookkeeping services or guidance on C corporation, you can contact ” Autofilings“. We are a service provider of accounting and bookkeeping all of the U.S. So, Do connect with our site and for any query, you can give us a call.

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